Homeowner Professional

The roof is one of the most important components of any building. Learn about the different parts or elements of a typical roof.

PARTS OF A ROOF

The different parts or components that make up a house roof are described below.

ROOF PITCH

Each one of the sloping sides that defines the slope of the roof.

EAVE

Lower part of the roof which generally overhangs the facade or the cornice to divert rainwater. Eaves can be horizontal or uneven.

RAKE

The edge defined by the intersection of sloping roof planes. This can be a hip, valley or a ridge.

HIP

Inclined edge, where water is channeled down the sides of the roof. Convex.

VALLEY

Edge which collects water from the slooping roof planes. Concave.

RIDGE

Horizontal edge divides falling water.

FINIAL

Intersection point for various edges.

VERGE EDGE

Far side of the roof.

GABLE END

The upper portion of a sidewall formed by the sloping planes of the roof.

If you are interested in knowing more about the different roof designs, do not miss our list of the 10 types of roofs.

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